When you establish a trust, you name someone to be the trustee. A trustee does what you currently do with your financial affairs: collect income, pay bills and taxes, save and invest for the future, buy and sell assets, provide for your loved ones, keep accurate records, and overall ensure your finances are in good order. This is an enormous amount of responsibility, and it is therefore very important that you name a capable and trustworthy person as trustee. The following is a basic guide to help you start considering – or re-evaluating – your choice for trustee.
o You can be trustee of your revocable living trust. If you are married, your spouse can be co-trustee.
o Most irrevocable trusts do not allow you to be trustee.
o Even though you may be allowed to be your own trustee, you may not be the best choice.
o You can also choose an adult child, trusted friend or a professional or corporate trustee.
o Naming someone else to be co-trustee with you allows the co-trustee to become familiar with your trust and to learn firsthand how you want the trust to operate. This also allows you to evaluate the co-trustee’s abilities.
If you have a revocable living trust, you can be your own trustee. If you are married, your spouse can be trustee with you. This way, if either of you become incapacitated or die, the other can continue to handle your financial affairs without interruption. Most married couples who own assets together choose to be co-trustees.
You don’t have to be your own trustee. Some people choose an adult son or daughter, a trusted friend or another relative. Some like having the experience and investment skills of a professional or corporate trustee (e.g., a bank trust department or trust company). Naming someone else as trustee or co-trustee with you does not mean you lose control. The trustee you name must follow the instructions in your trust and report to you. You can even replace your trustee should you change your mind.
You may be elderly, widowed, and/or in declining health and have no children or other trusted relatives living nearby. In some cases, trustee candidates may not have the time or ability to manage your trust. You may simply not have the time, desire or experience to manage your investments by yourself. Furthermore, certain irrevocable trusts will not allow you to be trustee. In these situations, a professional or corporate trustee may be exactly what you need: they have the experience, time and resources to manage your trust and to help you meet your investment goals.
Professional or corporate trustees will charge a fee to manage your trust, but generally the fee it is quite reasonable, especially when you consider their experience, services provided and investment returns.
* Take the time to honestly evaluate if you are the best choice to be your own trustee. Someone else may be more qualified to manage your assets.
* Name someone to be co-trustee with you now. This would eliminate the time a successor would need to become knowledgeable about your trust, your assets, and the needs and personalities of your beneficiaries. It would also let you evaluate if the co-trustee is the right choice to manage the trust in your absence.
* Evaluate your trustee candidates carefully and realistically.
* If you are considering a professional or corporate trustee, be sure to talk to several and compare their services, investment returns, and fees.